The great names of Kilimanjaro, Ngorongoro, Serengeti, Selous, Stanley and Zanzibar evoke images of the early adventurers and wildest Africa. This is a land rich with reminders of the earth’s crust 20 million years ago and the resulting formations that lured famous explorers and traders in search of mountains, rivers and human life. The slave trade, conducted by the Omani Arabs in the interior of the country lasted almost a century and a half. Today, Tanzania is reputed as the last frontier of the enchanting Africa of the past century and has become better known for its spectacular and remote wildlife areas, unique species, landscapes endless white coral beaches.
Tanzania gained its independence in 1961 and although somewhat slow to develop with an agricultural economy, the country has been depending on tourism to boost its economy. Similar to its northern neighbor Kenya, Tanzania gives tourists an outstanding opportunity to see many species of wildlife. As the largest country in East Africa, Tanzania also consists of different landscapes. For the East African traveler, Tanzania is a country not to be ignored. It has many unique features that offer spectacular experiences and adventures for travelers in the region.
The majority of Tanzanian landscape is highland plateau, with semi-desert, and savannah. Mt. Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain on the African continent stands at 19,341 ft. and is situated close to the Kenyan border. The mountain has grown increasingly popular to summit among fit adventure seekers throughout the past several years. As you head to the major animal viewing parks, it is worthwhile to warm up your binoculars by spending a few nights in one of Tanzania’s smaller game parks, Lake Manyara or Tarangire. Serengeti National Park sits just south of the border opposite the Masai Mara in Kenya and is famous for its high concentration of migratory animals. To its east is Olduvai Gorge, the site of the famous fossil fragments discovered by the Leakeys. The Ngorongoro Crater, approximately 100 square miles of volcanic crater is home to diverse and abundant wildlife, something not to be missed. Africa’s largest lake, Lake Victoria lies in the north, and the world’s longest lake, Lake Tanganyika lies in the west alongside Gombe Stream National Park – a great area to track chimpanzees. Ruaha National Park and Selous Game Reserve are in central Tanzania very remote parks to get to, but worth it for the exclusive game viewing and lack of other travelers.
Best Time to Visit
July – September and December – March are the dry seasons and offer excellent game viewing. Calving takes place in the Serengeti in February and March.